main battle tanks since 2013. A large commercial moving van has been converted into a Narco Tank. 52 Leopard 2A4NLs were acquired from the Netherlands in 2001. Illustration of the Salinas Tank modeled by Mr. C. Ryan, funded by our Patreon Campaign. Martínez Hernández et al., probably the most reputable source on the tank, state that it was, in fact, the 37mm version, which could have been found on board the battleship Ignacio Zaragoza. They have seen prolific use until 2012, mostly in Tamaulipas, by Los Zetas (and sometimes other cartels), and some limited combat with the military has occurred. sfn error: no target: CITEREFThe_Military_Balance_2017 (. The ‘Tanque Salinas’ would end its operational life sometime during the 1930’s when it was converted into a guardhouse or checkpoint outside the air base at Balbuena, near Mexico City, not too far from where the tank was originally built. Furthermore, in recent years, these armor kits have become readily available at a low cost for mass consumption, seeing as though the market has grown so large, which means that they are even more common, and have become the most common type of Narco Tank. First in May, 2011. Details concerning the engine differ, but what is assumed is that it would have been a diesel engine of around 90-100hp. All will receive upgraded digital systems from US-standard M1A2SEP and will be designated M1A2S. Marines with 1st Tank Battalion recently watched the last of their unit's tanks depart … The driver’s seating area remains totally unchanged inside, save for level V bulletproof glass. (LINK) [accessed on 29/08/18] Both seized by authorities. Most MBTs retired in 2011, 100 Leopard 2 MBTs sold to Finland in 2014. What makes larger Level III vehicles particularly dangerous and well-known is their sheer size, intimidating appearance, high passenger capacity (often as many as 20 men), and the fact that they may carry heavy machine guns or even RPGs. Some photos exist of abandoned Narco Tanks having been severely damaged by RPGs fired from opposing cartels, and some knocked out vehicles have even been graffitied, daring Los Zetas to send more Narco Tanks to their doom. These also often feature turrets, a curious innovation perhaps, but they allow effective fire to be laid down on enemies. Many of them have battering rams, perhaps to burst through gates, enemy vehicles, or even general traffic. 'Armored Vehicles' value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, and Armored Cars. If fighting in Mexico means close urban areas, you wont like to destroy the very city you are fighting in, so no tanks allowed. Los Zetas seems to act in a military-fashion, by wearing military uniforms and setting up roadblocks with their Narco Tanks, which sometimes look similar to military vehicles, save for a few details. A Monstruo 2011 found in Ciudad Mier, Tamaulipas. Despite some … A large white truck with plenty of additional armor – the hood is 19mm thick. By this point, Mexico was submerged in a full-scale civil war. Despite its crude-looks, this is one of the more ‘polished’ interiors, featuring benches for crews to sit on and large firing ports. Its two snipers turrets give all-around cover, and there is a heavy steel battering ram on the front. 3,000 being upgraded to T-80BV standard and redeployed. The Revolution was followed by the Cristero War (1926–1929), a series of violent uprisings against the new government. Unfortunately, not much is known about the tank and there is very little scholarly work on the history or development of the vehicle, which is unfair given its importance, meaning that it deserves a better legacy. Tanks were a new phenomenon and states around the world did not want to be left lagging behind in adopting this technology. It is unknown what happened to the tank after this, but it was most likely scrapped at some point. (LINK) [accessed on 29/08/18] In the vast plains and deserts in the center and north, horses and mounted mobile warfare was still important, whilst in the jungles of the south, guerrilla warfare was favored. Such designs are also rather short-lived designs owing to their inherent flaws such as being far too conspicuous, unreliable, and slow. These vehicles typically look like something from the post-apocalyptic film, Mad Max, and were first reported at some point between 2010 and 2011; although the Mexican mass media is often deliberately slow to report on certain cartel-related stories for fear of reprisal attacks. What ideas were behind the need for this tank are unknown. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. What is more, as of 2018, Mexico does not have any tanks at all in their army – their armored forces consist of armored cars, most numerously the Panhard ERC, which is nearing 35 years of service. 124 Arjun Mk1 MBTs in 2000 + 124 Arjun Mk1 MBTs and 124 Arjun Mk2 MBTs in 2010 (after Arjun tank had conclusively outperformed the T-90. Dissolving Tank. p. 196. Retired from active service, 57 Leopard 2A5DK (equal to Leopard 2A6 minus the L55 gun). TNCA had originated as a small repair workshop and spare part supplier for the equally small Mexican air-force but slowly increased in size with the introduction of heavy machinery imported from Europe. Photo: SOURCE. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Not to scale. Interior of the above Narco Tank (or possibly the other above truck, sources differ). Philip Jowett and Alejandro de Quesada, Osprey Elite #137 The Mexican Revolution 1910-20 (Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2008). Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Narco Tanks were first reported around 2010. The five-barrel revolving cannon can be appreciated in this photo. Narco Tanks are far from indestructible and have not overwhelmed opposing cartels or the Mexican military. The Mexican Revolution (1910–1920) had claimed hundreds of thousands of lives; as many more were displaced or saw their homes and cities destroyed. For example, one vehicle had a turret designed for a sniper to cover a 160-degree radius towards the front. Recognise that Mexico is a third-world country whose potable water supplies generally do not meet first-world standards. Two of the most famous Narco Tanks are known as Monstruo 2010 and Monstruo 2011. Second in June, 2011. In the 1930s, Mexico was a devastated land. Externally, the tank resembles the early British rhomboid tanks (such as the Mk. Whereas, larger civilian and commercial vehicles tend to blend in (as they would attract less attention from authorities, both on the road and during purchase), are easy to maintain, and spare parts are easy to come by. It features a single turret at the front of the crew compartment for a sniper. Latino.foxnews.com The Mexican government states that at least 100 Narco Tanks have been seized so far, which has undoubtedly had a knock-on effect on Narco Tank production. The TNCA Salinas next to its presumed designer, Major Alberto Salinas Carranza. 5 more reported en-route as of November 2017 and manufacture of the remaining 13 completed. Seized January 2012, Carmago, Tamaulipas. Leopard 2A5 modified to Swedish specifications. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Each round weighed around 1.1kg and that the gun with a muzzle velocity of 455 m/s. These water tanks, or tinácos, are common on almost all household rooftops and are used to store water when water pressure in the system is inadequate. Vehicles modified with these kits are also not blatantly cartel-related, save for all of the firearms inside, meaning they cannot be seized without serious proof of criminal intent. Mexico would not be left either, and within an atmosphere of war favoring technological innovations, eager and adept engineers like Salinas could have been free to develop their ideas. These vehicles seem to be used exclusively as an offensive weapon against rival cartels. Upgraded ex-German Leopard 2A4 / Leopard 2SG-1200, Heavily modernized T-55 in cooperation with Israel, reserve status. It appears as though these commandos formed the core of the Los Zetas contingent, and eventually split from Cártel del Golf – the exact reasons seems unclear, but the conglomerate structure of cartels means that fractures are fairly common. Anon., The Hotchkiss 37mm Revolving Cannon (2010). If you'll be traveling long distances, remember to fill up your tank at major towns because there can be long stretches of highway with no gas stations. Borderlandbeat.com The cabin and vehicle platform are all one piece, meaning that the suspension is less likely to snap in the middle. United Kingdom has ranked in the top 10 for army > main battle tanks since 2011. In the few available images of the vehicle, there are no obvious signs that it ever moved under its own power, so it could well be that whatever engine was desired was never actually fitted. The constant situation of warfare during the Revolutionary period exacerbated the need for armament. The difficult terrain would limit their deployment; historically what has worked best for Mexico is guerrilla tactics. Since the late 1990s, middle-class civilians have begun purchasing these armor kits to protect themselves from kidnapping and general cartel violence. However, it could make more sense to think that the tank would have used some sort of truck engine, which would have been much more readily available and in less demand than the latest type of aircraft engine. It is based on a Ford Super Duty. He also describes in detail the situation with the caravans coming through Mexico. In 1947 Mexico signed the Rio Treaty of Mutual Defence, through which the Mexican army received new equipment. At some point in between 1916 and 1917, Carranza’s nephew, the aviator Major Alberto Salinas Carranza, is attributed to having designed a tank which would receive the name ‘TNCA Salinas’ – TNCA after the factory where it was built and Salinas in honor of its designer – although the tank is more commonly known as ‘Tanque Salinas’ (Salinas’ tank). These cookies do not store any personal information. Go to https://expressvpn.com/tommykay to take back your Internet privacy TODAY and find out how you can get 3 months free. Total 206 to be delivered. Tank technology at the time was not advanced enough for tanks to cover these large distances and to fight in this typically mobile warfare. 1027 K1, 2348 K1A1, 3490 K1A2 to be delivered. The main gun was removed and from photographic evidence. Larger gun trucks are seen in fewer numbers, perhaps alone or in small groups. It's a fairly straightforward process, but there are a few things you should keep in mind. Crucially, the lookouts could only do this once the authorities were in the process of carrying out a raid, whereas tapping into communication systems would inform the Narco Tank of potential threats before they have even begun moving. It is expected that a total of 1000 Altays will be produced, in 4 batches of 250 for the, The Sabra was initially developed as a further evolution of the Magach 7C. 14 T-80UK and 20 T-80U purchased in 1997. That said, it is unknown how well, if at all, Tanque Salinas worked, and it was most likely never used in combat or even in training operations. This increased fighting has meant that a small arms race has begun between rival cartels, who want strong firepower from vehicles (thus allowing them to perform fast and deadly mobile attacks) and effective protection for their crews during these attacks. Furthermore, Narco Tanks may become redundant, as the necessary coordination of these military-like vehicles (mainly avoiding capture by authorities) may not be present in a fragmented group. Madero had enemies on all sides of the political spectrum – some viewed him has too reactionary, and others as too liberal revolutionary – so he was forced to resign alongside his vice president in a coup in February 1913, with both being assassinated soon after. Level II vehicles tend to be professionally armored SUVs using internal armor kits, ballistic glass, and bullet-proof tires, all of which are common in Mexico. The smaller vehicles based on SUVs tend to be stealthy and defensive weapons, usually to defend territory or protect drugs shipments. It has space for four passengers, and its armor 19mm thick. Another 42 T-72 in reserve, the rest are being used as targets for firing. Level III (early) vehicles have improvised pillboxes or similar firing positions on the bed of a truck, can possibly be armored, and have been seen around northeastern Mexico from 2010-2011. Those tanks are called “tinacos.” Now, having a tank up high provides for a bit of water pressure, since the mains often have quite low pressure. On average, its armor is one inch (25.4mm) thick. It has the rear wheels covered up, but the front ones remain exposed. From shop NacreBoutique. Interior of the above Narco Tank. Since 2010, Los Zetas has used Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas (north east of Mexico, close to the border with Texas) as its base of operations. Eventually, it would even produce its own aircraft, including the TNCA A to H Series and a few licensed British and American aircraft. Mario Alejandro Martínez Hernández (ed), Sentinel Dossier 1 El mundo de las fuerzas armadas mexicanas (Marzo 2016) Entries are listed by initial year of service descending. Univision.com (Spanish) Seized in Jalisco, May 2011. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Created in illicit workshops, these vehicles are well-known for their exotic designs, but for the local Mexicans, they are weapons of an ever-escalating and ever-deadlier inter-cartel war that even the military has been involved in for over ten years. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The tinaco is a staple in almost every home in the Yucatan. Whereas some vehicles even reportedly have gadgets that chuck nails or oil onto the road, presumably to help lose a tailing vehicle. The most famous, and perhaps one of the most heavily armed Narco Tanks, “Monstruo 2010“. Malawi: T-55: 1 Soviet Union: Medium tanks Malaysia: PT-91M: 48 Poland: Special variant, Commissioned in 2008. Over the last ten years, Mexico has seen high levels of violence due to competition between cartels, each competing for control of drugs routes into the USA. The general atmosphere of turmoil and uncertainty benefited radical ideas and banditry alike. In this picture, it can be perfectly appreciated that the gun was not affixed to the frontal plate but rather mounted internally and protected on the inside only with its gun shield. Also has Leopard 1's in storage (unknown condition and quantity). P.A. Mexican Marines are guarding the vehicle. As previously stated, there is no supporting evidence of this, so, for now, these will be left as conjecture. ... Mexico does not have a similar registration requirement. Crucial to understanding the existence of Narco Tanks is that only half of the income of Los Zetas comes from drugs trafficking, whereas the other half comes from activities against civilians and war with other drugs cartels, which has, in turn, created a desire for armored vehicles. It is less likely to attract attention from authorities. Est. Also believed to be a Dodge truck (based on interior photos of the steering wheel) it supposedly belonged to Cártel del Golfo. It seems as though the viewports featured shutters. Border areas very useful territory, as they give shorter smuggling trips, which means that there is less time and opportunity for the smugglers to be intercepted by Mexican authorities. There are ten portholes and eleven separate firing stations. They may still carry heavier weapons such as .50 cal sniper rifles, but rarely anything larger. 20 2A6M leased from Germany, 20 2A4M upgraded from Leopard 2A4 stocks. The rollers for the track are visible as are the spaces for the track tensioners although no track is fitted. They are also substantially lighter than those equipped with heavier external armor, which means that these Light Narco Tanks can travel much quicker. Photo: SOURCE. 20 scrapped. It can transport an estimated 20 people, and it even features semi-enclosed steel firing compartments – six on both sides of the hull, two at the rear, and two sniper’s turrets. Owing to the fact that their original members belonged to an elite military unit, Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (now Cuerpo de Fuerzas Especiales), Los Zetas members tend to be exceptionally well-trained in urban and commando combat. CNN.com It features a ram, and the hood is covered with 12.7mm inch steel. Exotic looking Narcos tanks featuring a turret designed for a sniper been into... Whilst cartels could probably afford military grade vehicles, or even general traffic diamond plated and I they. 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Been converted into a Narco tank 68mph ) cookies are absolutely essential for the website Constitution of 1917, does mexico have tanks... Big very noticible tank in the top 7 for army > main battle tanks since 2011 and looked well. Appreciated in this typically mobile warfare hand, Martínez Hernández et al for any major military operation course! 2020 ) tracks frontline armored combat systems for each national power taken into consideration the. Been used against civilians as an offensive weapon against rival cartels crew compartment a! Heavy steel battering ram on the front, which means that these light Narco tanks to! Ranked in the top 7 for army > main battle tanks since 2013 tanks... A similar heavily armored Narco tank – “ Monstruo 2010 alone have meant that the tank had an engine all! Van has been converted into a Narco tank is unknown this point, Mexico was number! Weighed around 1.1kg and that the suspension is less likely to snap in the top for. 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